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Public Health Issue On Obesity In UK
  • 10

  • Course Code:
  • University: University Of East London
  • Country: United Kingdom

Introduction

The basis on which the public health system for United Kingdom (UK) is established includes several aspects that are involved in creating a healthy and life expectancy of its population. This article discusses the issue of obesity, a public health concern in Britain. The chosen subject for the inquiry is a government project related to obesity (Barker et al., 2018).

This initiative is aimed at addressing and minimizing the prevalence of this health issue throughout the country. The focus of this article is an analysis on how the implementation one intervention has affected public health, economy and society at large. This intervention is worth testing in a credible way by establishing that it is consistent with the National Health Financing Strategy and also principles on equality, financial protection, universal access.

In the scope of this investigation, an evaluation of efficiency in distribution national resources within a framework state-funded healthcare system is considered as well. Further, it includes economic assessment such as both explicit and implicit cost together with productivity improvements and life long medical costs linked to obesity.

Through this study, an important contribution will be made to establish the efficacy of this intervention as well as its impact on the economy and shed a light upon one crucial public health hazard for society.

Background of the study 

In the UK, there are numerous milestones that characterize public health such as NHS which emerged in 1948 (Soekhai et al., 2019). Initially focused on eliminating contagious diseases, the field of public health covers a wide range of issues including chronic illness and mental well-being as well social determinants that shape work in peoples’ lives. Public health policy in UK is based on the principle of distributive justice and everybody’s right to equal medical care.

The purpose of this research is to conduct the current health issue on obesity epidemic, something that has emerged as a major concern not only individuals but also affects society in general (De Vries et al., 2018). Although public health paradigms shift, some specific treatment for treating such shared issues also transform.

In light of commitment to truthful healthcare consistency during obesity crisis, this work presents a particular solution as an instance. The study intends to develop an understanding of contemporary approaches in tackling a key public health issue by looking at the history of public health and its link with distributive justice, alongside universal access.

Obesity harms health

Significance of the Service 

Since obesity is a widespread health threat for the Great Britain population, I have selected an intervention that directly answers to this problem as being of utmost importance given its numerous obstacles.

Obesity is a widespread health condition that affects each individual in his or her own way due to the dynamic interactions among biological, environmental and social factors (Doshmangir et al., 2019).

Its importance is underscored by its focusing on the complex network of health disparities connected with obesity. People who are impoverished and those in minority populations often have more disease due to obesity.

The approach aligns with the UK’s agenda on health inequality by eliminating these differences so that equitable results are obtained regarding variations in healthcare based on socioeconomic factors.

The significance of the intervention does not deal only with a person but also has to do something about social milieu. The cost of obesity and its strain on healthcare systems is very high as it causes pressure to resources and capacity. The economic burden of costs associated with overweight and obesity is also significant, and an efficient intervention can reduce this kind financial strain.

At the onset, this research is conceptualized to determine how economic welfare of a country may be improved through intervention by analyzing its economic effects. Cutting down on obesity related health care costs also releases more resources for utilization in the entire system improving sustainability.

Social implications of obesity including stigmatization and hassled are factors that facilitate perpetuation in the society (Guest et al., 2017). Through the selected intervention, it is capable of enabling social transformations that promote inclusion and reduce stigma associated to weight. Hence, this leads to a just and compassionate society that supports the broader aim of UK’s commitment towards distributive justice.

The relevance of such an intervention extends beyond health outcomes associated with managing obesity. It is one of the most critical factors in endeavours to reduce health disparities, promote equality and enhance overall population welfare.

The goal of this research is to understand the economic, social and health implications that resulted from the intervention in order identify whether or not it was beneficial for socioeconomic adjustments within society. In so doing, it takes an active part in the current debate regarding public health initiatives that address specific issues but also focus on equity and wellbeing of different population groups.

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Target Populations

The selected obesity problem for the United Kingdom has also been developed consciously to address its specific and intricate character as a health phenomenon. Obesity that is actually one of the general health issues influences different groups differently and another outcome variations in results.

The intervention values the need for inclusivity and targets populations that are underrepresented by including such as persons left behind due to poverty or minority group members. As health inequalities reflect wider unequal societies, the intervention addresses these groups based on fairness and social justice.

The design of the intervention realises that obesity does not occur in certain cities or rural settings hence focusing on such geographical considerations would only be futile. Therefore, this is a deliberate attempt to incorporate cities and rural areas in the entire United Kingdom.

This strategy ensures that every person has the opportunity to benefit fully from all resources and services offered by this intervention. Through covering both the rural and urban population, this intervention takes into consideration diverse living conditions as well social structures that define various lifestyles constituting obesity in its entire complexity.

The target of the intervention is by systematically marginalized from accessing health services. One of the important aspects to be incorporated in dismantling structural barriers that have been impeding access by some groups, is inclusiveness (Husereau et al., 2022). By focusing on the often neglected populations, intervention aims at redressing past injustices and paving way for a universal healthcare system accessible to all.

The economic factor of the intervention is also an important consideration to ensure equal distribution of resources and provide fair access through NHS. The intervention is directed at a critical impediment that denies access to healthcare because it addresses the financial issues associated with obesity related costs. This economic emphasis is in line with reality NHS wants to ensure that make allowances for general and economically protective treatment of all whether rich or poor.

2. DISCUSSION     

Integration with National Healthcare Financing Strategy:

It is of great importance to ensure that this intervention can be timed with National Healthcare Financing Strategy because it has been used for ages and its overall efficacy in implementing change within UK’s health care system. Other important characteristics of health systems include universal access, financial security and equity (Olsen, 2017).

The intervention aims to ensure coverage equity in that the benefit will be available for every person regardless of their socioeconomic status or geographical position. This follows the core values of National Healthcare Financing Strategy which considers health care as a public good for every citizen.

Costs associated with obesity related economic stressors are appraised for the effectiveness of this intervention in ensuring security. The evaluation also reflects how the initiative responds to these inequalities with respect to healthcare delivery highlighting equality and justice as core elements of National Healthcare Financing Strategy.

Efficient Use of National Resources:

For the selected intervention in a publicly funded National Health Service (NHS), it is worth to focus on efficacy as use of resources. The efficiency of an intervention in resource allocation characterizes its sustainability over the period as well as effectiveness under financial restrictions that are applied to NHS. The evaluation measures the degree to which an intervention is aligned with government objectives; in this way, it works on a known and top health problem (Labonté & Ruckert, 2019).
 
The evaluation describes how the intervention improves healthcare performance through simplifying processes, minimizing inefficiency and better use of human health care staffs and resources. A country-level intervention would not only solve financial instability in NHS but also improve the capacity to address risks and fulfill basic health needs of people.

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Economic Evaluations:

The economic analysis of the selected intervention does not necessarily focus on traditional GDP concerns but involves a more comprehensive classification that includes direct and indirect costs, increased productivity as well obesity-related long term healthcare cost. Direct costs refer to the direct cost of intervention and are made up by running a program, as well health provision.

Indirect costs involve the broader economic effects associated with improved productivity resulting from better health outcomes as well as potential reduction of long-term healthcare cost (McPake et al., 2020). The intervention must also be compared with other interventions or the current state of affairs in order to evaluate its economic efficiency.

This implies therefore determining the cost-benefit of an intervention by evaluating its impact on health outcomes, societal production and medical treatment consumption over a life time. Through performing full economic evaluations, policymakers can become knowledgeable and develop the economy of a country. These evaluations ensure that resources are directed towards projects with the highest returns on investment.

Conclusion 

The evaluation of a designated public health intervention to combat obesity reveals its large potential for improving population outcomes and promoting equal access while aligning with the National Healthcare Financing Strategy. The emphasis on the underrepresented population, optimization of resource distribution, and economic benefits contributes to increase overall efficiency (Ludbrook, 2019).

However, the continued success of the project largely depends on a series of monitoring and assessment measures as well as more research. The UK can indeed achieve a lot in striving to have a healthy, fairer society through evidence-based initiatives that aim at addressing the obesity crisis.

Recommendations

Analysis of the comprehensive evaluation reflects different recommendations for maintaining an effective public health initiative fighting obesity in the United Kingdom. Above all, it is important to construct robust monitoring and evaluation mechanisms that facilitate a systematic assessment of the intervention’s success and adaptability over time (Lakdawalla et al., 2018).

In addition, it is necessary to highlight resource usage in order to provide long-term impact with any successful features being incorporated into the health policy of that nation. There are also a number of public awareness measures, which must be especially focused on eliminating health inequalities related to obesity so that it is possible to create shared understanding and acceptance.

Moreover, it is important to focus on institutionalized cooperation and adopt innovative approaches for financial support that ensure flexibility of information transfer processes and permanent assistance. By conducting the intervention in accordance to these recommendations, it can successfully address short-term challenges posed by obesity while aligning with broader societal goals of health equality and social good within UK.

 

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References 

Barker, I., Steventon, A., Williamson, R. and Deeny, S.R., 2018. Self-management capability in patients with long-term conditions is associated with reduced healthcare utilisation across a whole health economy: cross-sectional analysis of electronic health records. BMJ quality & safety, 27(12), pp.989-999.
De Vries, L., Koopmans, M., Morton, A. and Van Baal, P., 2021. The economics of improving global infectious disease surveillance. BMJ global health, 6(9), p.e006597.
Doshmangir, L., Bazyar, M., Majdzadeh, R. and Takian, A., 2019. So near, so far: four decades of health policy reforms in Iran, achievements and challenges. Archives of Iranian medicine, 22(10), pp.592-605.
Guest, J.F., Ayoub, N., McIlwraith, T., Uchegbu, I., Gerrish, A., Weidlich, D., Vowden, K. and Vowden, P., 2017. Health economic burden that different wound types impose on the UK's National Health Service. International wound journal, 14(2), pp.322-330.
Husereau, D., Drummond, M., Augustovski, F., de Bekker-Grob, E., Briggs, A.H., Carswell, C., Caulley, L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Greenberg, D., Loder, E. and Mauskopf, J., 2022. Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards 2022 (CHEERS 2022) statement: updated reporting guidance for health economic evaluations. International journal of technology assessment in health care, 38(1), p.e13.
Labonté, R. and Ruckert, A., 2019. Health equity in a globalizing era: past challenges, future prospects. Oxford University Press.
Lakdawalla, D.N., Doshi, J.A., Garrison Jr, L.P., Phelps, C.E., Basu, A. and Danzon, P.M., 2018. Defining elements of value in health care—a health economics approach: an ISPOR Special Task Force report [3]. Value in Health, 21(2), pp.131-139.
Ludbrook, A., 2019. Fiscal measures to promote healthier choices: an economic perspective on price-based interventions. Public Health, 169, pp.180-187.
McPake, B., Normand, C., Smith, S. and Nolan, A., 2020. Health economics: an international perspective. Routledge.
Olsen, J.A., 2017. Principles in health economics and policy. Oxford University Press.
Smith, R., Keogh-Brown, M. and Hanefeld, J., 2016. Macroeconomics, trade and health. In World Scientific Handbook of Global Health Economics and Public Policy: Volume 1: The Economics of Health and Health Systems (pp. 155-175).
Soekhai, V., de Bekker-Grob, E.W., Ellis, A.R. and Vass, C.M., 2019. Discrete choice experiments in health economics: past, present and future. Pharmacoeconomics, 37, pp.201-226.

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