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Role Of Nurses In Health Promotion
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  • Course Code: NURBN2021
  • University: Federation University
  • Country: Australia

Selection of vulnerable group

Children are seen as a vulnerable group due to their cognitive, emotional, and physical immaturity as well as their need for adults for necessities like food, shelter, and protection (De Chesnay & Anderson, 2019). Children are more vulnerable to adverse health effects due to a variety of factors, including socioeconomic position, exposure to the environment, and restricted access to healthcare.

Children from lower-income families and members of minority groups are more likely than children from higher-income families to experience chronic health issues like obesity, asthma, and mental health disorders. Due to their immature immune systems, children are more susceptible to infectious diseases, and exposure to toxins like lead, air pollution, and pesticides can have detrimental long-term effects on their health.

Nurses play a crucial role in empowering families, children, and communities to enhance the health of children (Lilford et al., 2017). They could raise awareness of health concerns, assist families in receiving the care they require, and advocate for legislation that prioritises children. By collaborating with families and communities, nurses can help identify and address the socioeconomic factors that affect children's health and lead to poor outcomes.

Furthermore, nurses can also promote preventative health interventions like vaccinations and screenings to reduce the prevalence and severity of infectious diseases and chronic health conditions. In addition to the above, by placing a priority on children's health and well-being, nurses may ultimately help to create a better and more fair future for all members of society.

Social determinants of health, human rights issues, and human behavioural factors

Children are a particularly susceptible group, and factors such as social health determinants, concerns about human rights, and personal choices all contribute to their poor health (Herztman & Power, 2020). The conditions in which people are born, reared, housed, employed, and retired are known as the social determinants of health.

Poor health outcomes among children are influenced by socioeconomic factors such as poverty, inadequate access to healthcare, inadequate nutrition, and exposure to environmental toxins. Children who live in poverty, for example, are more likely to experience food insecurity, poor living conditions, and restricted access to healthcare, all of which can have a long-term detrimental impact on their physical and mental health.

Concerns about human rights also have a substantial influence on children's poor health. Children have the right to the greatest possible degree of health, according to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (World Health Organization, 2018).

Many children throughout the world lack access to basic rights, including health care, decent nutrition, and safe housing. The physical and emotional health of children living in conflict zones can be severely harmed and have long-lasting effects from inadequate healthcare facilities and exposure to violence, for example.

Human behavioural problems aggravate the health effects on children. Examples of changeable lifestyle factors include tobacco use, excessive alcohol use, and other dangerous social and personal behaviours (Lilford et al., 2017).

Neglect, harsh punishment, and inadequate supervision are all instances of poor parenting that may be detrimental to children's health and welfare. While physical punishment has been linked to increased aggression and mental health issues, passive smoking increases children's risk of respiratory infections and asthma.

Bad health outcomes in children can be ascribed to a number of factors, such as socioeconomic factors affecting health, abuses of human rights, and behavioural factors in people (Clark et al., 2020). Intervention plans should address the underlying causes of poor health outcomes, such as poverty and a lack of access to healthcare.

Interventions should also focus on empowering families, children, and communities to enhance health and well-being via health education, simple access to resources, and neighbourhood-based initiatives.

Children are a vulnerable demographic group, and a variety of socioeconomic issues, issues relating to human rights, and individual behavioural factors all have a role in the poor health outcomes in this population.

Improving children's health and well-being requires addressing the underlying causes of poor health outcomes and providing families, kids, and communities with the tools they need to promote health through community-based programmes and access to resources. By prioritising children's health and well-being, we can work to build a better and more equitable future for all members of society.

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Role Of Nurses In The Empowerment Of The Vulnerable Group

It can be challenging for nurses to work with children who may have varying health literacy levels. Through empowering families, children, and communities via change, community advocacy, and primary healthcare, nurses may be able to improve health outcomes for this population at risk (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2019). There are several effective ways to achieve this aim, including the provision of fundamental healthcare services, health education, and advocacy for better healthcare services.

Nurses can work with community leaders and stakeholders to identify and address the socioeconomic factors that influence children's poor health outcomes in order to bring about change in the community (Shadmi et al., 2020).

To raise awareness of the need for a balanced diet and regular exercise, nurses, for instance, might collaborate with non-profit organisations. Nurses may advocate for laws that increase access to affordable housing, reduce exposure to dangerous environmental substances, and increase access to healthcare services in addition to providing direct care.

Advocating for better healthcare services is another crucial strategy nurses may use to empower families, children, and communities (Peterman et al., 2020). This might involve making efforts to increase the funding for public health programmes and the availability of health insurance, both of which can make it easier for more individuals to obtain the care they require. By instructing them on how to do so and speaking up for them, nurses can help families and kids navigate the healthcare system.

The delivery of fundamental healthcare services is another key strategy nurses may use to enhance children's health and well-being. Examples of primary healthcare services include check-ups, vaccinations, and the management of chronic conditions. Nurses may work with families and kids to teach them about healthy practises and illness prevention strategies in addition to providing specialised treatment and support for children with chronic conditions.

Research has shown that these strategies are effective in improving children's health and happiness (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2019). For instance, it has been shown that community-based initiatives improve healthcare access, reduce health disparities, and promote active lifestyles in children. Increased healthcare access, quality, and outcomes for marginalised populations have all been linked to advocacy for better healthcare services.

As a nurse, working with vulnerable populations such as children requires a comprehensive approach that includes empowering families, children, and communities via change, community advocacy, and basic healthcare.

Health education, lobbying for improved healthcare services, and the provision of primary healthcare are only a few of the initiatives that might improve children's health. By prioritising the health and welfare of children, nurses may help to build a better and more equal future for all members of society.

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Context of Maroondah

Maroondah is a city located in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Australia. The eastern suburbs of Melbourne are home to Maroondah. There are a lot of underprivileged residents there, especially youngsters, and the neighbourhood is growing quickly. The unique health issues the residents of Maroondah face include social determinants of health, issues with human rights, and behavioural components (Newton et al., 2020).

A few of the socioeconomic determinants of health issues in Maroondah include inadequate housing, a low level of living, and limited access to quality healthcare. These factors may have a greater impact on vulnerable populations, such as children, which may result in worse health outcomes, such as a rise in the prevalence of chronic illnesses, mental health issues, and preventable illnesses.

Human rights issues have an impact on the health of underprivileged populations in Maroondah, particularly children's health (Newton et al., 2020). Examples include issues with diversity in culture and languages, prejudice, and unequal access to medical care. Human behavioural factors such as health literacy, health-seeking behaviour, and lifestyle choices can also have an impact on the health outcomes for at-risk children in Maroondah.

In Maroondah, nurses have several chances to enhance the health of underserved populations and to promote the growth and development of kids, families, and communities.

People may launch health awareness campaigns, advocate for legislation to address the socioeconomic determinants of health, and collaborate with community organisations to enhance people's access to healthcare as a first step towards making a difference.

Second, advocating for better healthcare could encompass promoting health equity, addressing disparities in healthcare access, and promoting culturally sensitive care for everyone.

Not to mention early treatments for pre-existing diseases, preventative care, and health education are all examples of primary healthcare for children at risk.

In conclusion, Maroondah is a multiethnic city with its own unique set of health problems that disproportionately affect the city's most defenceless citizens, children. Poor health results frequently stem from a confluence of socioeconomic causes, problems with human rights, and behavioural aspects of people.

By interacting with individuals of different health literacy levels, empowering families, children, and communities via transformation, community advocacy, and primary healthcare, nurses may play a critical role in increasing health and well-being among disadvantaged children in Maroondah.

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One Health Promotion Program Targeted At Population Group: Deadly Ears Program

One Australian health promotion programme that focuses on at-risk children is the Deadly Ears Program (Gotis-Graham et al., 2020). This project aims to improve the ear health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander kids living in remote parts of Australia.

The programme provides a range of services, including treatment for ear infections and hearing examinations for children. In addition, the campaign offers families and communities information and resources on how to prevent and manage ear infections, which are common among Indigenous children.

The effort focuses on Indigenous children in Australia's outback, where ear infections and hearing loss rates are particularly high (Kenyon, 2017). The programme provides services to the states of Queensland, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory of Australia. The Deadly Ears Program shines because of its commitment to education and prevention, as well as its readiness to reach out to underserved regions.

This project provides essential ear health services to children from Indigenous communities who would not otherwise have access to healthcare. The programme also places a strong emphasis on cultural safety and works in partnership with Indigenous communities to provide programmes that are tailored to their unique needs while honouring and respecting their cultural norms.

The application does, however, have a number of issues. One potential issue is that the approach focuses on treating current ear infections rather than preventing them (DeLacy, Dune & Macdonald, 2020). More might be done to address the socioeconomic causes of ear infections among Indigenous children, such as overcrowding and unhygienic living conditions, even if the programme offers information and preventative methods.

However, the initiative can run into issues with staffing and resources, particularly in underprivileged areas with poor access to healthcare. In conclusion, the Deadly Ears Program is an essential health promotion programme that assists at-risk kids in remote Indigenous communities in Australia.

The programme has some fantastic elements, such as its focus on outreach and education, but it also has several issues that need to be resolved if it is to truly assist Indigenous children with their health issues.

By continuing to support and participate in programmes like Deadly Ears, healthcare professionals and decision-makers can work to better the health and well-being of underprivileged children in Australia.

Conclusion

For underprivileged kids in Australia, the Deadly Ears Program promotes health. This project provides ear health treatment and education to assist Indigenous children living in remote locations in Australia. The effort focuses on preventing and treating ear infections, which are common in Indigenous children due to socioeconomic factors that affect their health, such as overcrowding and poor sanitation.

The programme assists Indigenous children who reside in rural locations around Australia, including Queensland, the Northern Territory, and Western Australia. The programme has some positive qualities, such as its focus on outreach and education, but it also has several flaws that need to be addressed if it is to help at-risk children with their underlying health issues.

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References

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DeLacy, J., Dune, T., & Macdonald, J. J. (2020). The social determinants of otitis media in Aboriginal children in Australia: are we addressing the primary causes? A systematic content review. BMC Public Health, 20, 1–9. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12889-020-08570-3
Gotis-Graham, A., Macniven, R., Kong, K., & Gwynne, K. (2020). Effectiveness of ear, nose and throat outreach programmes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: a systematic review. BMJ open, 10(11), e038273. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/11/e038273.abstract
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