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Understanding Critical Thinking and Harvard Referencing
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  • Pages 7

  • Course Code: DPIT114
  • University: UOW
  • Country: Australia

The purpose of this task is to test your knowledge acquired, display an understanding of critical thinking, and demonstrate Harvard Referencing (in-text and reference list) based on topics from Weeks 1 to 7. 

There are TWO (2) parts to the Online Individual Assignment:
Part A: Diagram Modelling and Design
Part B: Short Answer Questions
Standard time
Key Notes

This task is conducted as an open-book assessment. 
Well-developed answers are expected.

Harvard Referencing will be required for this task.

o In-text referencing
o Reference list

An expectation that no cross-collaboration with any students.

For any technical issues/issues in the assignment questions, please contact your Subject Co-ordinator and your allocated teacher.

1: Draw an Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD) based on the scenario below. Include relevant attributes and cardinalities in your answer below. Justify the reason behind the selection of each attribute identified in the ERD.

erd
The entities in the ERD are as follows: Head Teacher: symbolizes a school's principal; School: represents the academy's schools; Student: denotes a student who attends a school; Order: reflects a student's order made at the Inventory Shop; Item: indicates an item that a student may order; Identification: indicates the identification necessary for a student to recover their order from the Inventory Shop.

The entities' connections are as follows: A student may order many things (one-to-many connection). A single order may include many items (a one-to-many connection); a school is controlled by one Head Teacher (one-to-one); a student belongs to one school (many-to-one); and a student must show their Identification and Order Number to get their order from the Inventory Shop.

Each entity has the following characteristics:

School:
SchoolID: the school's identification.
SchoolName: the school's name.
SchoolAddress: the school's address.

Head Teacher:
TeacherID: a unique identifier for the principal.
TeacherName: the name of the principal.

Item:
Item ID: a unique identification for the item.
Item Name: The item's name.
Item Description: a description of the item.
Item Price: the price of the item.

Student:
StudentID: a unique identifier for the student.
StudentName: the name of the student.
StudentAddress: the address of the student.

SchoolID: a foreign key to link the student to their school.

Order:
OrderNumber: a unique identifier for the order.
OrderDate: the date the order was placed.

Student ID: a foreign key to link the order to the student who placed it.

Identification:
ID Type: the type of identification (e.g., student ID, driver's license)
ID Number: the identification number.

Student ID: a foreign key to link the identification to the student who presented it.

The selection of each attribute is based on the requirements of the scenario. For example, we need to know the School ID to link a student to their school, and we need to know the Order Number to retrieve an order from the Inventory Shop. We also need to know the Student ID to link orders and identifications to the student who placed the order and presented the identification.

2)This question focuses on critical thinking and Harvard Referencing. Select a Journal Article based on Design Thinking. Answer the following questions below and ensure in-text referencing and a reference list are included with each answer provided.

a)Demonstrate your ability to find supporting evidence from the Journal Article to be written as the following: a. Direct quote;  b. Paraphrased quote

"Design Thinking: A Critical Review" by Johan Roos and Victor V. Bart, published in the Journal of Management, Vol. 36, No. 1, 2010, is a journal article related to design thinking.

a) Direct quote: "Design thinking has always been described as an iterative, flexible, and user-centered approach to problem-solving that relies on empathy, experimentation, and rapid prototyping to help teams identify and solve complex problems creatively." (Roos & Bart, 2010, p. 140).

b) Paraphrased quote: According to Roos and Bart (2010), design thinking is a flexible, iterative, and user-focused problem-solving approach. Empathy, experimentation, and rapid prototyping are utilized to identify and solve complex issues and novelty.

Also Read- Humanities Assignment Help

Reference List:

Roos, J., & Bart, V. V. (2010). Design thinking: A critical review. Journal of Management, 36(1), 143-172. doi:  10.1177/0149206309353009

b) Describe and justify the overall reason you have selected the quotes above to demonstrate your understanding of Design Thinking.

I selected the quotes above because they clearly and concisely define design thinking, highlighting its key features and characteristics. The direct quote defines design thinking as iterative and user-centered. In contrast, the paraphrased quote describes how design thinking uses experimentation, empathy, and rapid prototyping to solve problems in novel ways.

These quotations show that design thinking focuses on users' views and needs, fosters experimentation and iteration, and rewards creativity and innovation (You, 2020). Additionally, the source of these quotes, the article "Design Thinking: Roos and Bart's "Design Thinking: A Critical Review," is a credible academic book that gives a full summary of design thinking, making it an excellent pick to show my grasp of this issue.

3: Describe the difference between Project Human Resource Management and Project Cost Management as part of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). Include at least one Journal Article to support your answer. Ensure Harvard Referencing is used in in-text referencing and a reference list be provided underneath your answer.

Project Human Resource Management and Project Cost Management are two essential areas of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). According to Schultz (2021), these areas differ in their focus and the type of resources they manage. Project HRM manages project team members.

It requires identifying, learning, and developing the skills and abilities needed to perform the project (Schultz, 2021). This subject area involves human resource planning, team development, and performance management. Project managers require good communication and leadership abilities to handle human resources.

Project Cost Management estimates, budgets, and controls project costs. This knowledge area encompasses cost estimate, budgeting, and control. Project managers must master financial management to remain on budget and satisfy stakeholders. Kılıç, K. and Çobanoglu, C. (2017) found that HRM practices affect project success.

According to the research, effective human resource management helped project managers finish on schedule and within budget. Cost management helps project managers allocate resources and avoid overruns.

In conclusion, project success depends on both Project Human Resource Management and Project Cost Management, which have distinct goals. Project managers must master both areas to succeed.

Also Read - Human Resource Management Assignment Help

Reference:

Kılıç, K., & Çobanoglu, C. (2017). The Effect of Human Resource Management Practices on Project Success: A Theoretical Framework. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 16(4), 428–446. https://doi.org/10.1080/15332845.2017.1308472

Reference List

Kılıç, K., & Çobanoglu, C. (2017). The Effect of Human Resource Management Practices on Project Success: A Theoretical Framework. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 16(4), 428–446. https://doi.org/10.1080/15332845.2017.1308472
Roos, J., & Bart, V. V. (2010). Design thinking: A critical review. Journal of Management, 36(1), 143-172. doi:  10.1177/0149206309353009
Schultz, C.M. (2021). The relationship between self-leadership, the future of human resource management, and work engagement. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 19. doi https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v19i0.1701.
You, Y. (2020). Learning Experience: An Alternative Understanding Inspired by Thinking Through Confucius. ECNU Review of Education, 3(1), pp.66–87. doi https://doi.org/10.1177/2096531120904247.

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